Wispel [German]

In the northern portions of German-speaking Europe, ? – 19ᵗʰ century, a legal unit of dry capacity, mostly used for grains, varying by location. Abbr., Wspl. In Prussia and Saxony spelled Winspel.

Some 19ᵗʰ century wispels at various locations:

Locale   Equivalents Size of
Winspel
in liters
Sources
         
Altoona   for wheat, rye, peas, same as Hamburg 1054.98  
Anhalt Bernburg & Dessau like Prussia   J
Rothen = 2 Malter zu 12 Schefflin 18711.2 J
Berlin   opens a new page containing a chart that shows relationships between this unit and other units in its system  1319.1  
Boitzenburg   = 48 Himten = 32 Rostock Scheffel 1244.45 D
Braunsweig   = 4 Scheffel = 40 Himten 1257.9 J
Brunswick   = 4 Scheffel = 40 Himten = 160 Vierfass or Viermass = 640 Löcher or Becher 1244.14 D
Dresden   = 2 Malter = 24 Scheffel = 96 Viertel = 384 Metzen = 1536 Mässchen 2578.41  
Hamburg   for wheat, rye, peas, ¹⁄₃ Last opens a new page containing a chart that shows relationships between this unit and other units in its system = 20 Faß = 40 Himten 1054.98
J→1099.2300
J
for barley and oats, ½ Last opens a new page containing a chart that shows relationships between this unit and other units in its system 30 Faß = 60 Himten 1582.47
J→1648.8450
J
Hannover   = ½ Last = 8 Malter = 48 Himten = 144 Drittel = 192 Vierfass 1492.96 D
Leipzig   = 2 Malter = 24 Scheffel = 96 Viertel = 384 Metzen = 1536 Maesschen 2578.41 D
Lüneburg   = 20 Scheffel = 40 Himten = 160 Spint 1244.14 D
Mecklinburg-Schwerin   Boißenburger Maß = 1/3 Last = 8 Sack = = 32 Rostock Sheffel = 48 Himpten 1292.4 J;
D1244.5
Mecklinburg-Streliß   ¼ Last = 2 Drömt = 25 Scheffel 1368.19 J
  for oats, = 27 Scheffel 1477.6452 J
Prussia   = 2 Malter = 24 Scheffel. Before 1816, 1313.4624. 1816-1873: 1319.0760 J
wholesale trade  for wheat, rye, barley, pease and oil = 25 Scheffel. Before 1816, 1368.1900. 1816-1873: 1374.375 J
for oats =26 Scheffel. before 1816, 1422.9176. 1816-1873: 1428.9990 J
Reuß Gera 2 Malter zu 12 Scheffeln 2547.84 J
Greiz 3765.8880 J
Schleiz 4616.760 J
Quedlinburg   = 2 Malter = 24 Scheffel = 48 Himten = 96 Viertel = 192 Vierfass = 384 large Metzen = 768 little Metzen = 1536 Maesschen 1309.08 D
Rostock   = ¹⁄₃ Last = 2²⁄₃ Drömt = 32 Scheffel = 128 Fass = 512 Metzen or Spint 1244.45  
Stettin   = ¹⁄₃ Last = 2 Drömt = 24 Scheffel = 384 Metzen 1239.69  
the legal Winspel 1319.08  
Zell   = ²⁄₅ Last = 4 Scheffel = 40 Himten = 160 Spint 1244.14  

D Doursther (1840), page 584.

N Nelkenbrecher (1820).

J Jansen (1900) page xl.

sources

1

Wispel, ist ein korn- und getraide- maaß im Sächsischen, Brandenburgischen und andern angrentzenden ländern, und hält 2 malter oder 24 scheffel. Zu Braunschweig und Zelle hat ein wispel 4 sheffel. Zu Hamburg hält ein wispel 10 scheffel, 3 wispel aber machen eine last.

Wispel, is a grain- and seed- measure in Saxony, Brandenburg and other adjacent territories, and contains 2 malter or 24 sheffel. At Braunsweig and Zell a wispel is 4 scheffel. At Hamburg a wispel holds 10 sheffels, but 3 wispel make a last.

Johannis Theodori Jablonski.
Allgemeines Lexicon der Künste und Wissenschaften ….
Königsberg and Leipzig: Johann Heinrich Hartung, 1748.

The initial letters of the nouns in the original are not capitalized.

2

[Regarding Berlin] Pour les grains reçus dans les magasins royaux, on compte le winspel différemment. En y livrant le seigle et l'orge, le winspel se compte pour 25 boisseaux; pour l'avoine on l'établit à 26 boisseaux; mais on distribue les grains à raison de 24 boisseaux, en considérant le surplus comme déchet.

For grain received into the royal stores, the winspel is reckoned differently. In taking delivery of rye and barley, the winspel is reckoned at 25 scheffels; for oats it is fixed at 26 scheffels. But grain is distributed at 24 scheffels to the winspel, considering the surplus as waste.

Doursther (1840), page 584.

3

In Berlin, 19ᵗʰ century, the winspel (or winspelkarre) was also a measure of capacity for lime, 24 Zoll by 24 Zoll by 21 Zoll high, thus 7 cubic Fuss (216.41 liters).

Doursther (1840), page 585.

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