“Uten” was the term used by egyptologists in the 19ᵗʰ century for the ancient Egyptian unit of mass subsequently known as the deben.
About the time of the XVIIIth dynasty we know that the precious metals were kept in dust, in ingots, and in ornamental forms, but more especially in rings, and it is almost certain that the important weight-name
has the root-meaning of a ring or coiled wire. It is well known not only that the metals were bought and sold by weight, but further, that goods of all kinds might be valued at a certain weight of metal in order to be exchanged against each other.
F. L. Griffith.
Notes on Egyptian weights and measures.
Proceedings of the Society of Biblical Archeology June 1892, page 436.
Wikipedia has a fine article on hieroglyphics and an enlightening one that treats the history of attempts to transliterate and transcribe words in hieroglyphics.
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Last revised: 14 March 2020.