See also: hundred.
The most common meaning is of course 1,000, but in Europe ? – 19th century the thousand of certain commodities, for example bricks and barrel staves, was 1,200. Often called the long thousand. Compare the German grosses tausend.
[Barrel staves] are sold by the standard mille, or thousand, of 1200, or ten standard hundreds of 120 pieces. … Prepared staves are reckoned in some parts of the Continent by the schock. Thus a long thousand of staves usually consists of 20 schock, each of 60 pipe staves; for hogshead and barrel staves the long thousand consists respectively of 30 and 40 schock, and for pipe, hogshead, and barrel headings, of 40, 60 and 80 schock.
Simmonds (1892), page 359.
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Last revised: 8 March 2008.