Units whose names are phrases beginning with the adjective “standard” are listed under the word modified by “standard.” For example, for the standard atmosphere, search for atmosphere.

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In Norway and Sweden, 19ᵗʰ – 20ᵗʰ centuries, a unit of capacity used for sawn wood = 165 cubic feet, about 4.672 cubic meters. Originally it was called a standard hundred, referring to the number of boards, but the hundred was a long hundred, 120.

United Nations, 1966.



a solid measure by which hewn timber is estimated, varying in different timber companies. The St. Petersburg standard hundred of deals, and deal ends, contains 120 pieces, 12 feet long, 1½ inch thick, and 11 inches broad = 165 cubic feet. The Swedish standard hundred contains 121 pieces, 14 feet long, 3 inches thick, and 9 inches broad. The Norwegian standard hundred contains 120 pieces 12 feet long, 3 inches thick, and 9 inches broad. The standard hundred by which battens are commonly sold, conatins 120 pieces, 12 feet long, 2½ inches thick, and 7 inches broad. Dantzic and Memel deck deals are sold by a astandard of 40 feet long, 3 inches thick, and 12 inches wide. The standard of red deals would weigh about 2¾ tons and that of white wood 2½ tons.

Simmonds (1892), page 358.

A deal is a fir or pine plank more than seven inches wide and usually 1¼ inch thick. Narrower planks were called battens.


The other countries, with the exception of Canada, which showed a shortage of some 30,000 standards (standard = 165 cubic feet), supplied about the same quantity in 1913 as in the previous year.

Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce.
Daily Consular and Trade Reports.
Nos. 75-151; Volume 2; April, May and June 1913.
Washington: U.S.G.P.O., 1913.
Page 1221. Report 132, June 7, 1913.

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