(Plural, pudy.) In Russia, Ukraine, Byelorussia, 12ᵗʰ – 20ᵗʰ century, a unit of mass used in the grain trade. In Muscovy and Imperial Russia = 40 funty, approximately 16.3805 kilograms (about 36 pounds, 1 ounce, 11 drams avoirdupois). (UN, 1966) Also romanized as pud and poud.
The unit originated in the 12ᵗʰ century in Novgorod the Great.
In trade in the 19ᵗʰ century it was commonly taken as exactly 36 pounds avoirdupois.
The U.S.S.R. abolished the pood in 1924, but in the 1970’s it could still be encountered in statistics on grain.
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Last revised: 20 May 2003.