Various units of liquid capacity belonging to the pipe family of units.
[Portuguese] In Portugal, 17ᵗʰ – 19ᵗʰ centuries, a unit of capacity used for wine, 435.3 liters (about 115 U.S. gallons).
It was metrified by a law increasing it to 500 liters at some point in the late 19ᵗʰ or early 20ᵗʰ centuries.
[Portuguese] In Brazil , about 479.16 liters (about 126.6 U.S. gallons).
[Spanish] In Cadiz, Spain, at least as early as the 19ᵗʰ – 20ᵗʰ century, a unit of liquid capacity used for brandy and spirits, = 32 castilian cantaras, about 516.256 liters.
Nelkenbrecher (20th ed, 1890), page 188. But this value is slightly inconsistent from the one he gives for the cantara in Madrid on page 595.
[Spanish] A unit of capacity in parts of South America, at least as early as the 19ᵗʰ – 20ᵗʰ century.
Buenos Aires, 456.026 liters;
Entre Rios, 432.960 L;
Santiago, 480 L.
By a resolution of the National Congress on 11 January 1820, clarifying a tax, the pipa contained 6 barriles. (1 pipa = 4 cuarterolas or 6 barriles). In Santiago, however, 1 pipa = 8 barriles. The barriles differed.
Juan Alvarez, Temas..., pages 177-178.
Balbín, pages 203, 210.
Technical Factors..., 1972, page 132.
United Nations, 1966.
[Swedish] In Sweden, a unit of liquid capacity, about 471.06 liters.
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Last revised: 30 July 2004.