Various units of liquid capacity belonging to the pipe family of units.


[Portuguese] In Portugal, 17ᵗʰ – 19ᵗʰ centuries, a unit of capacity used for wine, 435.3 liters (about 115 U.S. gallons). link to a table showing Portuguese wine measures

It was metrified by a law increasing it to 500 liters at some point in the late 19ᵗʰ or early 20ᵗʰ centuries.


[Portuguese] In Brazil opens map showing location of Brazil, about 479.16 liters (about 126.6 U.S. gallons).


[Spanish] In Cadiz, Spain, at least as early as the 19ᵗʰ – 20ᵗʰ century, a unit of liquid capacity used for brandy and spirits, = 32 castilian cantaras, about 516.256 liters.

Nelkenbrecher (20th ed, 1890), page 188. But this value is slightly inconsistent from the one he gives for the cantara in Madrid on page 595.


[Spanish] A unit of capacity in parts of South America, at least as early as the 19ᵗʰ – 20ᵗʰ century.


Buenos Aires, 456.026 liters; Entre Rios, 432.960 L; Santiago, 480 L.
By a resolution of the National Congress on 11 January 1820, clarifying a tax, the pipa contained 6 barriles. (1 pipa = 4 cuarterolas or 6 barriles). In Santiago, however, 1 pipa = 8 barriles. The barriles differed. opens a new page containing a chart that shows relationships between this unit and other units in its system

Juan Alvarez, Temas..., pages 177-178.
Balbín, pages 203, 210.


476.93 liters

Technical Factors..., 1972, page 132.

Dominican Republic

572.79 liters


581.6 liters.

United Nations, 1966.


[Swedish] In Sweden, a unit of liquid capacity, about 471.06 liters.  link to a chart showing relationships between Swedish units of liquid capacity

Where is Brazil?

A map showing the location of Brazil.

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