orna

Compare the Roman urna.

A largish unit of liquid capacity used for wine (and probably also a barrel size) in the lands on the eastern edge of the Adriatic Sea. In Istria this link goes to a new page, 16ᵗʰ century, about 57 liters.

In the 19ᵗʰ century Doursther reported the name in use in Illyria this link goes to a new page , as did others, shown in the table. Apparently then the urna was most in use in the district of Spilimbergo in the province of Friuli, and the district of Pordenone in the province of Venezia.

The earliest value, and those in the two major cities on which Doursther reported, are roughly half that of the other 19ᵗʰ century values. What happened?

Locale Equivalents Liters Sources
Anduins = 192 bozze 160.4365 G43; Z125
Castelnovo = 216 bozze 135.0150 G43; Z137
Cornino = 196 bozze 125.6775 G43; Z145
Fiume = 32 boccali 53.90 D137
Isola Morosina = 102 boccali 129.1420 G47
Latisana = 72 boccali 103.0070 G43; Z151
Portogruaro = 96 boccali 94.6042 G44
Sacile = 160 boccali 212.1675 G44; Z166
Spilimbergo = 84 boccali 150.4365 G44; Z169
Trento = 75 mosse 78.4957 G49
Trieste = 40 boccali 56.60 D139
the old measure, = 36 boccali D→65.66;
G→65.6310
G49; D139
orna of oil = 5½ caffisi   D139
Valvasone = 96 boccali 132.3600 G44; Z176
Vidulis = 168 bozze 143.2100 G45; Z181
S. Vito = 84 boccali 97.4043 G44; Z182

D Doursther (1840).

G Girolamo Antonio Gennari.
Ragguagli delle antiche misure lineri, di superficie, di capacita e di peso del Regbo Lombardi-Veneto, degli altri Paesi che con detto Regnocostituivano quello d'Italia…
Venice: Tipografia di Giovambatists Andreola, 1855.

Z Carlo Zamara.
Manuale di Calcoli fatti pei Ragguagli Sulle Misure e Pesi del Regno Lombardo-Veneto e di Vienna …
Padova: coi tipt del Seminario, 1847.  See index pages 121-122.

sources

1

L'orna de vin de Cavo d'Istria sono sechii 6 a la sua mesura e a mesure da Venesia sono sechii 5 lire 1.

The orna of wine of Istria is 6 secchii by their measure, and according to the measure of Venice is 5 secchii 1 lire.

Bartolommeo di Pasi.
Tariffa de' pesi e mesure con gratia et privilegio.
Venice: 1503.
As quoted in Edler, page 197.

Taking the 16ᵗʰ century Venetian secchio at 10.8 liters, the Istryian orna would be 56.7 L.

X

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