In Pakistan, ? – 20ᵗʰ century, a unit of mass, = 15 grains, approximately 972 milligrams.
United Nations, 1966.
In India, ? – 19ᵗʰ century, = 1/12 tola = 15 grains, about 972 milligrams.
Másha, S[anskrit]., and in most of the dialects (माष), Másha, or Másá, Mar. () An elementary weight in the system of goldsmiths' and jewellers' weights throughout India, and the basis of the weight of the current silver coin: it is variously reckoned at 5, 8, or 10 ratis, or seeds of the Abrus precatorius, which usually weigh about 2 grains troy : the average weight of the máshá, according to Mr. Colebrooke, was 17⅜ grs.: the actual weight of several examined in England, sent from different parts of India, varied from 14⁷⁄₁₀ grs. to 18½ grs. ; the Benares máshá weighed 17 7/10 grs. Mr. Prinsep, from the weight of several Akbar-shahi rupees, the standard weight of which was 11¼ máshás, valued the latter at 15½ grs. : as now fixed by law, as one-twelfth of the tola of 180 grs., the máshá weighs 15 grs.
H. H. Wilson, 1855, page 333.
For gold, silver, opium and gānja, the following table is observed: 4 dhān = 1 rati ; 8 rati = 1 māshā ; 10½ māshā = 1 tolā.
L. S. S. O'Malley.
Bengal District Gazetters.
Calcutta: Bengal Secretariat Book Depot, 1907.
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