In Portugal the primary meaning of the word is “hand”, hence also handful. “Ream of paper” is said to be another meaning, but we do not know how many sheets were considered a mão.
In parts of India under Portuguese influence, 16ᵗʰ century, a unit of capacity, varying by location and commodity.
|Bengala||little port||butter||= 21 1/3 canadas
(weighs 2 arrobas)
|oil||= 30 canadas||42.0 L|
|big port||butter and oil||= 16 canadas
(weighs 48 arrateis)
|Dio||butter & oil||= 8¼ canadas
weighs 24¾ arrateis
|Goa||oil||= 12 canadas||16.80 L|
|butter||= 8 canadas||11.20 L|
|wheat & rice||= 1/20 candil = 24 medidas||12.25|
In parts of India under Portuguese influence, 16ᵗʰ century, a unit of mass, in Goa about 11.01 kilograms.
The basic source for meanings 2 and 3 is Amtonio Nunez (1544).
K[uzhippalli] S[karia] Mathew.
Portuguese Trade with India in the sixteenth century.
New Delhi: Manohar, 1983.
Indo-Portuguese Trade in Seventeenth Century (1600-1663).
New Delhi: Gian Publishing House, 1991.
Page 198. Ahmed does not break out his sources for individual units, but most of his sources are codices held by the Historical Archives of Goa in Panaji.
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Last revised: 23 October 2017.