manû, MA.NA [Akkadian]


In the Neo-Assyrian Empire, 9th – 6th centuries bce, a unit of mass belonging to the mina family of units. Usually written as its logogram MA.NA. The syllabic form is ma-né-e.

There were two types of MA.NA, a light and a heavy. The heavy MA.NA was about 1010 grams and the light 505 g. The (heavy) biltu contained 60 (heavy) MA.NA.

Neo-Assyrian lion weight

A standard weight excavated at Nimrud and now in the British Museum. It was made between 858 and 824 bce and is inscribed in both cuneiform and Aramaic. Both inscriptions identify it as a standard of 3 royal minas. Although it weighs 2864.62 grams, the handle is missing, so this standard is consistent with a heavy MA.NA mass of around 1 kg.

© Trustees of the British Museum.

The magnitude of the weight has been established by archeological finds for example, at Nimrud.

Revue d'Assyriologie et d'Archéologie Orientale. vol 18 (1921)
Pages 138-142.



3 MA.NA GI.NA KÙ.BABBAR ina [ma]nê ša Gargamiš
three standard minas of silver according to the Carchemish mina.
American Journal of Semitic Languages and Literature, vol 42 245 No. 1196 r. 14 (NA)

Quoted from The Assyrian Dictionary of the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago, vol. 5, G, Chicago: Oriental Institute, 1956. page 80.


These examples shew that the phonetic reading of MA-NA is man-û. In Strassmaier's Nbkd. [J. N. Strassmaier, Babylonische Texte. Inschriften von Nabuchodonosor. Leipzig, 1889.] 17, 6 we have ma-nu-ú. It may be connected with manû, 'to count,' 'to reckon,' and so properly mean 'amount.'

C. H. W. Johns.
Assyrian Deeds and documents…. vol 2.
Cambridge: Deighton Bell and Co., 1901.
Page 270.


1/x of a shekel


Old Akkadian, a unit of time, measured with water clocks, = 4 hours.


A unit of angle, used to describe the separation between two fixed stars.


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