See MA.NA for the Neo-Assyrian unit of mass.


In Nepal, ?– 20ᵗʰ century, a unit of dry capacity used for cereals, = 1 imperial pint, approximately 0.568 liters. Like many agricultural capacity measures, it appears to be morphing into a unit of mass. See source note 2.

United Nations, 1966.



Grain is always sold by measure.

8 Manas = 1 Pathil = 152 cubical inches.

20 Pathis = 1 Muri = Winchester bushels 2 341/1000

Francis Hamilton.
An Account of the Kingdom of Nepal.
Edinburgh: Archibald Constable and Company, et al, 1819.


1 mana = 0.3 kg rough rice

1 mana = 0.454 kg rice

Rice Almanac 2002.

The latter is, obviously, the pound avoirdupois, following the "pint's a pound the world around" principle.


In India, ? – 19ᵗʰ century,

Mána, Uriya () A land measure equal to 25 gunthas.—Cuttack.

Mána, and Mánike, corruptly, Mankedu, Tel[ugu]. () A measure of capacity in the Telinga countries, in some of which eight, in others sixteen, make one Túm.

Mána, (?) A measure of capacity equal to about half a ser, or one-fourth of a pátha, of grain or salt ; hence, also, a measure of land, as much as may be sown by a mána of grain.—Kamaon.

H. H. Wilson, 1855, page 326.


Among the Fungwe tribe in what is now Zimbabwe, a unit of mass used in weighing gold nuggets from the river Mazoe, about 16.00 grams.

Jean Forien de Rochesnard.
Album des Poids d'Afrique. 2nd ed.
Colombes (France), 1978.

Page 219.

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