Convert between kips and other major units of force.
In the United States, 20ᵗʰ century – present, a unit of force = 1,000 pounds-force, approximately 4.448 222 × 10³ newtons, used by architects and structural engineers to describe deadweight loads and tensile strengths. From “kilo” + “pound”.
kip 1000 pounds
ksi Expression of stress in kips per square inch
P Concentrated load (kips)
R End beam reaction for any condition of symmetrical loading
Table 3. Fastener Tension
[column heading] Maximum Fastener Tensiona in Thousands of Pounds (kips)
[footnote]a. Equal to 70% of specified minimum tensile strengths of bolts, rounded off to the nearest kip.
American Institute of Steel Construction.
Manual of Steel Construction. 8th edition.
Chicago: American Institute of Steel Construction, 1980.
In England, at least as early as the 16ᵗʰ – 17ᵗʰ centuries, a unit of count for skins, 30 for lamb and 50 for goat. Also spelled kippe, kyppe, and kipp.
Golde skynes the kyppe xiii s. iiii d. [customs duty]
From a 1732 copy (British Museum Add. Roll, 16577) of a manuscript by T. Forgon, internally dated 15 July 1507, consisting of a list of customs duties on various articles, as reproduced as Appendix C in Norman Scott Brien Gras, The Early English Customs System, Cambridge (MA): Harvard University Press, 1918, page 698.
In Malaysia, ? – 19ᵗʰ century, a unit of mass primarily used for tin, about 9.19 kilograms. Said to be equal to 37½ Dutch troy pond, but that is difficult to understand, as it is much closer to 37½ marks trooisch.
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Last revised: 10 April 2020.