In the New Kingdom of ancient Egypt, a unit of dry capacity, = ¼ of a ẖ3r (khar) = 40 hnw, about 19.22 liters (about 20 U.S. quarts). Greek, oipe. Also romanized as jpt. The ipt also = 1 q3t3t-fdw (the quadruple-heqat, there being 16 heqat in a ẖ3r) and = 320 r3.
The ipt-n-pr, a different unit of capacity, = 50 hnw, about 24 liters.
The word is the Coptic form of the ancient Egyptian ipet, meaning “measure”.
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Last revised: 19 September 2001.