In China, 20ᵗʰ century, a unit of capacity, = 10 dou, approximately 100 liters. The character for the dan has another pronunciation, shi, with the meaning “stone”. The unit should not, however, be called a shi. Europeans often called this unit a pikul.

United Nations, 1966.


In China, 20ᵗʰ century, a unit of mass, = 50 kilograms. chart showing relationships between Chinese units of mass in the shi zhi system. The word also means “shoulder-pole”, and also, as a measure, the load carried on a shoulder pole. It was also previously synonymous with the catty.

United Nations, 1966.


In Mongolia globe icon, 20ᵗʰ century, a unit of capacity, approximately 65 liters.

United Nations, 1966.

X A map showing the location of Mongolia.

Where is Mongolia?

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