cyfar [Welsh]

(Plural, cyfeiriau. In an obsolete orthography, cyvar, plural cyveiriau.)

In Wales, ? – 18ᵗʰ century, various units of land area:

Second Report (1820), page 15.

2,560 square yards

the cyfar bach or cyfar bieting of Brenockshire, raised from a rod of 12 feet (16 troefeddi, a rod equal in length to the long yoke, see Demetian Code) “But in that county it is treated as an ystang, being, as Mr. R. James of Llanwrtyd tells me, twenty rods long by eight broad. It may thus be composed of four ystangelau lying side by side, each ystangel being twenty rods long by two broad, and containing 640 square yards.”xx

the cyfar of Flintshire. “The Flintshire rod, as appears almost proved, was one of twenty-four feet, [so] the cyfar derived therefrom must have been an ystangel, not an ystang, measuring twenty rods in its length and two in its breadth.”xx The Flintshire cyfar was called a “yoking” in English.

Alfred Neobard Palmer.
Notes on ancient Welsh measures of land.
Archaeologia Cambrensis, vol. 13, no. 49 (January 1896).

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