Nice
18th century – 1859

Units of mass

During this period Nice was sometimes governed by the French, and sometimes by Italians. In the chart, the first unit name is French and the second Italian.

           

quintal or cantaro

         

rubbio or rubbo

6

         

rotolo

10

60

     

livre or libbra

25

150

   

once or oncia

12

30

300

1800

huitième? or ottavo

8

96

240

2400

14,400

denier or denaro

3

25

300

750

7500

45,000

grano

24

72

576

6912

17,280

172,800

1,036,800

45
mg

1.082
g

3.246
g

25.969
g

311.628
g

779.0712
g

7.791
kg

46.744
kg

Units of dry capacity

       

charge or carica

         

sacco

1 1/3

 

setier or sestiere, or staro

3

4

     

emina

2

6

8

 

quartiere

2

4

12

16

motureau or moturale

4

8

16

48

64

Usually the dry capacity units of Nice were taken
to equal those of Marseille, in which case:

10

20

40

120

160

 

2.527
L

10.109
L

20.219
L

40.438
L


L

161.750
L

Units of liquid capacity

   

carica

 

barile

2

pinta

60

120

0.786
L

47.175
L

94.350
L

In fact, most liquids (oil, always) were sold by weight, not volume.

Unit of capacity Actually sold by this weight kilograms
carica 2 cantara 93.489
barile 1 cantaro 46.744
pinta 1 rotolo (2½ libbre) 7.790

The rubbo of wine contained 10 pinte. Oil was commonly sold by the 25-libbre rubbo.

Units of length

           

rango pei tessitori

           

trabacco

           

canna

         

auna

 

 

 

       

raso

2.165

 

 

 

   

pan or palmo

2.08*

 

8

12

18

 

oncia or pollice

12

 

 

96

144

216

 

linea

12

144

 

 

1152

1728

2592

Gattey

261.5

2.096

3.144

Doursther

21.833

262.0

548.84

1.18845

2.0960

3.1440

Martini

1.819
mm

21.833
mm

262.00
mm


1.188446
m

2.0960
m

3.1440
m

4.716
m

*According to Kruse (1781).

The auna is the old, pre-metric aune of Paris. It and the raso, both cloth measures, appear to have no integral relationships with the other units or with each other. Rasos are also found in Sardinia, Savoy and Turin.

According to Doursther (page 84) and Gattey (page 103, 3rd ed), Nice had also a second canna, “la canne dite de France = 2 mètres = 8 pans.” That alternative value would, of course, ripple through the whole system. Doursther lists two pans in Nice (page 375), one of them = 1/8 of the French canne, = 250.00 mm. Gattey, for the Alpes Maritimes department, also lists a canne of 2.002 meters.

Units of land area

       

séterée or starata

       

eminata

2

     

montural

8

16

   

ottava

8

64

128

 

trabuc superficiel

78 1/8

156¼

Gattey (1812)

98.85*

96.5

1544.5

Doursther (1840)

9.8847

96.53

1544.49

Martini (1883)


12.0663
sq. m

96.5306
sq. m

772.2450
sq. m

1544.490
sq. m

*On page 103. Gattey seems to have misplaced the decimal point.

X

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