Ancient Greece
units of capacity

Liquid capacity

metretes μετρητής

chous χοῦς

12

xestes ξέστης

6

72

kotyle κοτύλη

2

12

144

oxybaph ὀξύβαφον

4

8

48

576

kyathos  κύαθος

6

12

72

864

45
mL

67.5
mL

270
mL

540
mL

3.24
L

38.88
L

Measures smaller than the kyathos, mostly later and mostly pharmaceutical

   

kyathos κύαθος

(small) concha

2

mystrum

3

4

(small) cheme

2

6

12

3.75
mL

7.5
mL

22.5
mL

45
mL

Liquid capacity after Solon’s reforms, circa 403 bce

 

metretes μετρητής or amphora ἀμφορεύς or kados κάδος

     

hemiamphora ἠμιαμφόριον

2

       

chous χοῦς

4

8

 

dikotylon δικότυλον (xestes ξέστης)

6

24

48

 

kotyle κοτύλη or trublion τρυβλίον

2

12

48

96

 

hemikotylion ἡμικοτύλιον

2

4

24

96

192

 

oxybaphon ὀξύβαφον

2

4

8

48

192

384

 

kyathos κύαθος

3

6

12

72

288

576

value¹

37.7
mL

56.6
mL

113.3
mL

226.5
mL

453
mL

2.718
L

10.872
L

21.744
L

range¹

36-
38

55-
58

11-
11.5

22-
23

44-
46

2.64-
2.76

10.56-
11.04

21.12-
22.08

1. Oskar Viedebantt.
Forschungen zur Metrologie des Altertums.
Abhandlungen der Philologisch-historischen Klasse der Königl. Sächsischen Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften, vol. 34, no. 3.
Leipzig: B. G. Teubner, 1917.

Viedebantt identified Solon's dikotylon with the Egyptian hin, same as Hebrew log and with the

Dry capacity

               

medimnos μέδιμνος

             

hemimedimnos

2

     

hekteus ἑκτεύς or modios

3

6

         

hemihekt

2

6

12

       

choinix χοῖνιξ

4

8

24

48

 

xestes ξέστης or dikotyle

2

8

16

48

96

kotyle κοτύλη

2

4

16

32

96

192

   

hemikotyle

2

4

8

32

64

192

384

 

oxybaph ὀξύβαφον

2

4

8

16

64

128

384

768

kyathus κύαθος

3

6

12

24

96

192

576

1152

Attica¹

45.6
mL

68.4
mL

136.8
mL

273.6
mL

547.2
mL

1094.4
mL

4.34
L

8.76
L

26.27
L

52.53
L

Sparta

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

71

1. Friedrich Hultsch.
Griechische und Römische Metrologie. 2nd edition.
Berlin: Weidmannsche Buchhandlung, 1882.

Page 703. Some units' values calculated from others given by Hultsch.

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