In Austria, Denmark and Switzerland, 20ᵗʰ century, a unit of mass, = 50 kilograms (about 110.231 pounds av.).¹ In the 19ᵗʰ century, in the German Zollverein, Denmark and Norway the centner was 100 local Pfund or pund, = 50 kilograms. Abbeviation, Ctr.

In Austria, Article 4 of the law² establishing the metric system specified that the old Centner was equivalent to 56.0060 kilograms, although other sources say the Centner was 56.001 kilograms³. At the same time in Austria the Zoll-Centner was 50 kg, and Article 3 of the above-mentioned law provided for a metrische Centner (metric centner) of 100 kilograms.

1. United Nations, 1966.

2. Gesetz of 23 July 1871, R.G.B 1872, No. 16. The law is reproduced in
Georg Thaa.
Das Mass- und Gewichtwesen und der Richdienst in Österreich.
Volume 13 of Taschenausgabe de Österreichischen Gesetze.
Vienna: Munz'sche k. u. k. Hof- Verlags- und Universitats-Buchhandlung, 1900.

3. Latimer Clark.
A Dictionary of Metric and Other Useful Measures.
London: E & F. N. Spon, 1891.


In Denmark, a unit of mass = 112 skaalpund, either 7 Copenhagen lispund of 16 skaalpund each, or 8 Lübeck lispund of 14 Lübeck skaalpund each. Before 1683, about 55.5 kilograms; after 1683, about 56.0 kg.


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