A unit of luminous intensity, 19ᵗʰ century, based on a standardized tapered candle made of stearin, 20.5 millimeters in diameter at the top and 23 millimeters at the base, with a 50-strand wick. Normal consumption rate was 10.2 to 10.6 grams per hour, with a flame height of 56 millimeters. One Munich candle is about 0.153 carcel or 1.17 British standard candles.
The Munich candle was replaced by the Vereinskerze.
The Munich candle conforms to the type of candles specified in the contract made between the city of Munich and the gas company. They are stearine candles, their form is slightly conical; they are 20.5 mm. in diameter at the top, 23 mm. at the base, 31 cm. long, and weigh 108.9 grams on the average; the wick is made of 50 threads.
They should consume 10.2 grams to 10.6 grams of stearine per hour, without smoking and without requiring snuffing; the height of the flame is 56 mm.
A Treatise on Industrial Photometry with Special Attention to Electric Lighting.
Authorized translation from the French by George W. Patterson, Jr., and Merib Rowley Patterson.
New York: Van Nostrand Co, 1894.
Pages 122-123. The first French edition, Traitè de Photomètrie Industrielle Spècialement Appliquèe à L’èclairage èlectrique, was published in 1892.
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Last revised: 23 February 2011.