of states of the United States

Compare other bushels.

Two of the United States had their own legal bushels in the 19ᵗʰ century:


By an act of 3 December 1827, the New York legislature established a bushel = the volume occupied by 80 pounds avoirdupois of pure water at its maximum density. This definition is that of the imperial bushel; in New York it was taken to be 2211.84 cubic inches. The measure was to be “made round, with a plain and even bottom, and to be of the following diameters: at top, measured from outside to outside, the bushel nineteen and a half inches...” New York abolished this bushel on 11 April 1852.


By an act of October 1827 the Connecticut legislature established a half bushel of 1099 cubic inches, thus making the bushel 2,198 cubic inches. That this was not a typographical error is shown by the fact that the dimensions of the two-quart, quart and pint measures, all given to a hundredth of an inch, indicate capacities which are aliquot parts of 2,198 cubic inches. This bushel is found nowhere else and its origin is unknown. It is said to be equal to the volume occupied by 79.50 pounds avoirdupois of pure water, but that would not be the case, even at water's maximum density. Abolished by an act of May 1850 (Title LVIII, Revised Statutes) which adopted the U.S. standards.

Report of the Secretary of the Treasury on the Construction and Distribution of Weights and Measures.
Senate. 34th Congress, 3rd Session. Ex. Doc. No. 27.
Washington: A.O. P. Nicholson, Printer, 1857.

Page 48. The author of the report was A. D. Bache.

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