As much land as could be tilled in year with an ox, or a pair of oxen. About 13 to 18 acres. The usual English translation is “oxgang.”
Tractatus de legibus et consuetudinibus regni Anglie
by Ranulf de Glanville (1130 – 1190), Book 13, chapter 3.
...excepta una bovata terrae et tribus toftis quas ipse W tenuit....
except an oxgang of land and three tofts, which the said W. held...
as quoted and translated in
Kenelm Edward Digby and William Montagu Harrison.
An Introduction to the History of the Law of Real Property. (5th edition)
Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1897.
Pages 106 and 107. A “toft” is a home and its yard.
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