botte

1 [Italian]

A unit of liquid capacity, mostly used for wine. Also spelled botta. The Italian form of the butt or pipe.

Locale   Equivalents Liters Sources
Cagliari botte di pente   500 B
botte di quartane 10 = 10 quartare 44.84 M
Catanzaro for oil; botte di rotoli weighs 454²⁄₃ rotoli, = 44 staia di rotoli 443.57 M
S. Felice   = 12 barili of Naples or 1000 foglietta 523.4954 B130
Girgenti   = 60 lancelle 550.18 M
for mosto = 600 quartucci 514.008 B172
for wine = 560 quartucci 479.7408 B172
Mantua   = 8 sogli 874.91 M
Marsala for mosto = 18 barili 464.21 M
for wine = 16 barili 412.63 M
Messina for mosto = 6 salme = 12 barili = 48 quartare = 816 quartucci 513.28,
511.5777
M, B174
for wine = 6 salme = 12 barili = 48 quartare = 768 quartucci 483.08,
481.4114
M, B174
Milazzo for mosto = 6 salme 521.5306 B176
for wine = 6 salme 481.113 B176
Naples botte di mena by the edict of 6 April 1480 and the law of 6 April 1840, = 12 barili = 720 caraffi; the volume of a cylinder three palmi in diameter and four palmi high 523.500, 523.4594 K, Afan di Rivera,B178
Palermo after 1809 = 4 salme = 32 barili = 64 quartare = 320 quartucci = 640 caraffa = 1280 bicchieri;
= 64 cubic palmi
1100.36 M
before 1809; botte di consuetudine = 12 barili = 480 quartucci 412.63, 411.2064 M, B182
Rome   = 16 barili 933.5 K, M
Sardinia   opens a new page containing a chart that shows relationships between this unit and other units in its system     
Sicily after 1809 1 cubic canna; = 4 salme 1100.3555 B186
Trapani for mosto = 46 barili = ~ 628.67 quartucci 540.63 M
for wine = 12 barili = 48 quartare = 480 quartucci 412.63 M
Treviso   = 10 conzi = 60 secchi = 480 boccale =960 boccie = 3840 gotto 779.80 M
Venice botte d'anfora = 5 biconcia = 10 mastelli = 60 secchi = 240 bozze;
648 K, M
  = 10 mastelli = 70 secchie = 280 bozze or boccale = 1120 quartucci = 4480 gotti 751.17  
botte      
Vicenza   = 8 mastelli = 96 secchi = 960 bozze = 3840 gotto 911.12 M

Source code key for table
K Kelly, 1821.
B Bofondi, 1855.
M Martini, 1883.

sources

Vino si vende per tucta l'isola [Sicily], cioè alla marina, a bocte, e bocte una torna in Vinegia bighonce tre.

Wine is sold throughout the island, that is to say, along the coast, by the botte, and one botte comes to three Venetian biconcia.

Chiarini, 1481.

El tonello del vino di Bruggia è octantocto rasche e ogni rascha è quattro bocte, fa in Firenze cogna uno e quattordici quindecimi.

The tonello of wine in Bruge is 88 rasch and each rasch is 4 botte, making 1 14/15 Florentine cogna.

Chiarini, 1481.

In Naples, it was used both for oil and wine, and called the botte di mena.

Una bocte di mena [in Naples] torna in Firenze cogno uno.

One Neapolitan botte di mena is one Florentine cogno.

Chiarini, 1481.

A Butte of oile or wine of Pulia hold heere twelve barrels, which have beene found to make in Florence 10. barrels, and is in England (   ) [sic] gallons.

Roberts, 1639. Apulia, Chapter CXLI, page 55.

2 [Italian]

In Apulia, Montpellier, Constantinople, a unit of liquid capacity used for oil. In Apulia it was known as the botte di mezzo migliaio, “butt of half a thousand”.

sources

1

La botte di mezzo migliaio di Puglia è saine 57 [of oil in Constantinople], e la botte di mena di Napoli dee tenere saine 76 [of oil].

The botte di mezzo migiaio of Apulia is 58 saina [of oil in Constantinople], and the botte di mena of Naples must contain 76 saina.

Pegolotti, 1340.

2

Bocte una d'olio di Mompolieri fa in Firenze orcia 13 e mezo.

One botte of oil in Montpellier is the equivalent of 13½ Florentine orcia.

Chiarini, 1481.

3

Quasi tutto [of the oil] si vende a botte [in Constantinople] spezialmente chi vende in grosso, ma chi vende a minuto vende a saine a pregio di tanti kar. la saina.

Almost all [of the oil sold in Constantinople] is sold by the botte, especially oil sold wholesale, but that sold in small quantities is sold by the saina at so many ?kar? per saina.

Pegolotti, 1340.

3 [Danish]

A unit of mass used for butter, = 8 skaalpund = 16 marks, about 3.96 kilograms.

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