barile

1

In Libya, a unit of capacity, about 64.4 liters (about 17.01 U.S. gallons).

2

In modern Greece, a unit of capacity, 74.2 liters (about 19.6 U.S. gallons).

3

In Italian-speaking Europe, a unit of capacity used for wine and brandy:

Locale Fraction
of a
larger unit
Size
in liters
Florence   45.58
Genoa ½ mezzaruola 74.23
Naples 1/12 botte 43.62
Palermo 1/12 pipe 35.72
Rome 1/16 botte 58.34
Pisa   45.58

Rocca¹ traced the evolution of the wine barile of Genoa:

Date Size in
pinte
Size
in liters
early days 48* 45.740
~1300 50 47.65
1455 56 54.85
1523 60 58.77
1570 72 70.52
1589 75 73.46
1596 78 76.40
1606 80 78.36
1877 79.50

* This pinta, containing 3 libbre of wine, was the medieval sestiaro, about 0.953 liters. The barile of 48 such pinte was half of the metreta or mezarolia. Like the barile, the size of the pinta varied with time.

† Defined in amole, rather than pinte; 90 of them. The corresponding size of the barile is the one given in the official 1877 table of metric equivalents.²

1. Pietro Rocca.
Pesi e Misure Antiche di Genova e del Genovesato.
Genova: Tipografia del R. Istituto Sordo-Muti, 1871.
Page 108.

2. Tavole di Ragguaglio dei Pesi e Delle Misure
Roma: Stamperia Reale, 1877.

4

In Italian-speaking Europe, a unit of capacity used for oil, although oil was almost always sold by weight, not volume. The names of the capacity measure actually signified definite weights of oil:

Locale Size
in liters
Rome 57.49
Pisa 33.43
Genoa 64.67
Florence 33.43

Rocca, cited above, has performed the same service for the barile of oil in Genoa:

Date Equivalents Weight
in kilograms
Capacity
 in liters
of oil
1160 30 libra major olei, which is about 7 rubbi, 5 libbre 56.955 61.908
1462 32 libra major olei, about 7 rubbi, 17 libbre 60.992 66.290
1606 deduced from a bronze half barrel standard of that date 59.800 65.000
1849 according to the gov't table published that year 65.480
1877 = 128 quarterone, according to the Tavole di Ragguaglio 60.953  
 19th c actual, in commerce, taken as 7½ rubbi 59.560 64.750
X

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