bahr [Farsi]

For the unit of mass, see bahar.

In Iran opens map showing location of Iran, ? – 20ᵗʰ century, a unit of length, approximately 3.25 centimeters (approximately 1.28 inches)¹. Also romanized as bahar and bar; the word also means “part”. In concept, it is the length of a thumb joint, 1½ digits. In the 19ᵗʰ century, and no doubt earlier, it varied with locality and commodity. One source² gives 3.5 centimeters (1/32nd of a dhar'-e shah'i), 3.2 cm (1/32nd of a dhar'-e moqassar), and 2.22 cm (1/32nd of an andazh). opens a new page containing a chart that shows relationships between this unit and other units in its system

The metrication law of 31 May 1926 fixed the bahr at 1 centimeter, = 1/100th of a gaz. This law was not enforced and essentially abandoned within a few years.

1. United Nations, 1966.

2. F. Stolze and F. C. Andreas.
Die Handelsverhältnisse Persiens, mit besonder Berücksichtigung der deutschen Interessen.
Gotha: Justus Perthes, 1885.

Page 32.

World map showing the location of Iran, east of the Persian Gulf, south of the Caspian (or Arabian) Sea, and west of Turkmenistan, Afghanistan and Pakistan.

Where is Iran?

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