GÍN [Akkadian]

In the Neo-Assyrian Empire, 9th – 6th centuries bce, a unit of mass belonging to the shekel family of units. Always written as its logogram GÍN. In cuneiform:

GIN in cuneiform

There were two types of GÍN, a light and a heavy. The heavy could be specified as “GÚ.UN … ina danniti” and the light as “GÚ.UN … ina qalissi”; however, in the tablets which unit is meant is often ambiguous. The heavy GÍN was about 17 grams and the light 8.5 kg. The (heavy) bi-lat contained 3600 (heavy) GÍN.

The magnitude of the weight has been established by archeological finds, for example, at Nimrud.

Revue d'Assyriologie et d'Archéologie Orientale, vol 18 (1921).
Pages 138-142.


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