I Henry III, 1216
Excerpt from The Great Charter of Ireland
There shall be one measure of wine throughout our entire kingdom, and one measure of ale, and one measure of corn, that is to say, the quarter of Dublin; and one breadth of dyed cloth, russets and habergets, that is to say, two ells within the lists; and let it be of weights as of measures.
Berry¹, page 15.
53 Henry III, 1269
It is provided and enacted by the council of Sir R[obert] de Ufford, Chief Justiciar of Ireland, and other of the faithful people of the lord Edward who are likewise of his council, and with the consent of all the magnates and the entire commonalty of Ireland, that one and the same measure of every kind of corn, one and the same gallon, one and the same weights, and one and the same ell shall be from henceforth throughout all Ireland, as they are appointed and approved in the city of London. And that anyone from henceforth who may have any wines to be exposed for sale shall not sell the tun of wine unless at a price at which he can gain half a mark of profit. And that any of the serjeants who ought and were accustomed to receive corn for their subsistence, from henceforth shall only receive a measure of corn, to wit, the quarter of London, every twelve weeks; and if any serjeant despise this and be neglectful in taking [his allowance], it shall be lawful for his lord to chastise and imprison him in his body.
Berry¹ page 37. Note the change to the quarter of the standard of London.
13 Edward II chap 9, 1320
And that there be one measure and one weight throughout all Ireland, that is to say, wheat and other grain, [to be measured by] the quarter of wheat of London, of eight pecks, seven of which to be rased, and the eighth heaped; and of oats fourteen pecks heaped. And that the bushels, gallons of wine and ale, and the other measures be in accordance with the King's standard throughout all Ireland.
Berry¹ page 289.
25 Edward III
Aug 1 (1351). Tower of London.
Mandate to all sheriffs, mayors, stewards, bailiffs, ministers and others in Ireland to see that the same assize of measures and weights as the king uses in England, as contained in the great charter of the liberties of England, be observed in all cities, boroughs, market towns and other places in their bailiwicks, and public proclamation to be made in his name that none in buying or selling use other measures and weights than those ordained by the said charter under pain of heavy forfeiture; and to be attending, counselling and helping unto Robert de Chaundos, king's yeoman, to whom the king has committed the office of measures in Ireland.
Calendar of the Patent Rolls preserved in the Public Record Office.
Edward III. Vol. IX. A D. 1359-1354.
London: His Majesty's Stationery Office, 1907.
31 Edward III, 1357
From An Ordinance made for the Estate of the Land of Ireland
XIX. Also, whereas the farmers of the office of clerk of the market in Ireland, thirsting for their own private gains, do not execute the duty of the said office, according to the form of the statute thereof made, nor otherwise according to right ; but commonly, for fines and other ransoms, do not view nor examine the measures and other instruments pertaining to that office, nor break the false nor seal the true, nor otherwise duly punish delinquents ; and very often, when fines are made to us before them, and amercements belonging to us are inserted in their rolls and enrolled, do either cancel such fines and amercements to us belonging, by erasing the same from their rolls, for money or other gifts paid to them by the offenders, or make new written rolls wherein they write not these fines and amercements so cancelled, but put them wholly out, and the fines and amercements that are made and not enrolled, they remit, and other deceits, extortions, oppressions, grievances, and excesses, as well unto us as our people in those parts all over Ireland, they do, and the same and other the things aforesaid, have done, remitted, and perpetrated, in contempt and prejudice of us and to the manifest destruction and injury of the said people, and against justice and the form of the statute aforesaid: we will and strictly command that our Justiciar of Ireland for the time being, in every county and place through which he shall pass, associating with him a prelate of the place, and some earl or other nobleman or knight of the neighbourhood, make enquiry concerning the aforesaid deceits, extortions, oppressions, grievances, and excesses, and all the matters aforesaid by the said farmers howsoever committed, and of all their acts and doings in this behalf, as well at the suit of us as of any others whomsoever willing to complain thereof, as well for the time past as for the time to come ; and proceed against them, and the contempts, deceits, extortions, oppressions, grievances, and excesses, and other the matters aforesaid, hear and determine, and the delinquents and offenders when they shall be found such, punish and chastise, according to the law and custom of our land of Ireland before mentioned ; and nevertheless distinctly and openly, from time to time, for good cause certify us and our council in England, of the names of those so offending, and the deceits, extortions, oppressions, and grievances and other matters aforesaid, under the seals of him the said Justiciar and of the others associated with him.
Berry¹ page 418-419.
Ninth Year of George II, Cap 9 (1735)
Whereas it is necessary to ascertain the gauge, by which brewers are to sell their beer and ale: be it enacted by the King's most excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the lords spiritual and temporal and commons in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, That from and after the first day of August one thousand seven hundred and thirty six if any publick brewer shall sell, or expose to sale, to any person or persons any beer, ale, or small beer, in any half-barrel in gauge under twenty gallons, each gallon containing two hundred and seventeen cubical inches and six tenths of an inch, or in any whole barrel in gauge under forty gallons, each gallon containing two hundred and seventeen cubical inches, and six tenths of an inch, or shall not brand his, her, or their christian name and sir name at length on the head of each barrel or half-barrel ; every suck publick brewer, being thereof convicted either upon his own confession,or by the oath of one or more credible witness or witneses, before any chief magistrate or justice of the peace of any town corporate or county, where the said offence shall be committed, (which said oath the said chief magistrate and justice of the peace are hereby impowered to administer) shall forfeit for every barrel or half-barrel under the gauge, or not branded as aforesaid, the sum of two shillings and six pence; and such barrel or half-barrel shall be burnt by order of such chief magistrate or justice of the peace, before whom such conviction shall be; and such chief magistrate or justice of the peace shall and may by warrant under his or their hands and seals cause such penalties, as the offenders are hereby liable to, to be levied by distress and sale of the offenders goods, and thereout in the first place pay the said penalty and penalties to the informer or informers, and in the next place render the overplus, after deduction of the reasonable charges (not exceeding the sum of two shillings) of taking the distress, to the owner or owners.
II. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That if any cooper shall sell to any publick brewer any barrel or barrels, half barrel or half barrels, under the gauges aforesaid, or shall not brand his christian name and sir-name at length upon the head of every such barrel and half barrel, every such cooper shall for every barrel or half barrel, so sold under the gauge, or not branded as aforesaid, forfeit the sum of two shillings and six pence, to be recovered, levied, and applied as the penalties and forfeitures, herein before-mentioned to be incurred by the brewers, are directed to be levied and applied.
III. Provided always, That no person shall be liable to or incur the penalties inflicted by this act, unless information be given upon oath before such chief magistrate or justice of the peace within the space of six days next after such offence committed.
IV. Provided also, That nothing in this act shall extend, or be construed to extend, to change or alter the method of charging the duty payable to his Majesty on ale and beer: but that the same shall continue to be charged, levied, and paid as formerly; any thing in this act to the contrary notwithstanding.
Statutes Passed in the Parliaments Held in Ireland. Vol. 4.
Dublin: George Grierson, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty, 1794.
1. Henry F. Berry, ed.
Statutes and Ordinances and Acts of the Parliament of Ireland. King John to Henry V.
Dublin: His Majesty's Stationery Office, 1907.
The excerpts are from the English translations Berry provides for the Latin and Norman French originals of the laws, which he also provides.
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Last revised: 10 May 2017.