EU rule. For members of the European Union, the beginning and end of Summer Time is set by "Directive 2000/84/EC of the European Parliament and Council of 19 January 2001 on summer time arrangements," which covers years from 2002 onwards. According to the directive, Summer Time begins at 1 am UTC on the last Sunday in March, and ends at 1 am UTC on the last Sunday in October.
Many nations that are not members of the Union also observe these dates.
Israel. By law, Israel obligates itself to observe no less than 150 days of daylight saving each year. The start and stop dates vary. According to one source, the variation (relative to the Gregorian calendar) occurs because the dates are consistent in the Hebrew calendar: daylight saving starts on the fourth Sunday in the month Nisan, and ends on the first Sunday after 20 Elul.
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Last revised: 8 November 2003.