A proposed unit of rate of saving of electricity, equal to a reduction of 3 billion kilowatt-hours per year. The unit was proposed in 2010 in an article signed by 54 distinguished energy efficiency researchers.1 The quantity was chosen as representing the electricity supplied for one year at the meter by a typical existing, coal-fired, 500-MW power plant.
The unit was not offered as an aid to sophisticated analyses, but to communication with the general public, who don't know from exajoules. They find it much easier to visualize savings in terms of power plants they won't have to build and operate.
Courtesy Californa Energy Commission.
The unit is named for Arthur H. Rosenfeld, a researcher who has been extremely active and effective in energy conservation.
In the article proposing the name and in various contemporaneous press releases, the name of the unit is capitalized. However, if the unit is widely used it seems unlikely that this usage will stick, since conventional usage of unit names based on surnames is to print them in lowercase (e.g., ampere, watt, newton, hertz, curie, fermi, einstein and so on).
1. Jonathan Koomey et al..
Defining a standard metric for electricity savings.
Environmental Research Letters, vol. 5 (2010) 014017.
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Last revised: 13 March 2010.