quintal

The quintal is descended from the Roman centarius (= 100 as) through the Arabic kintar or qintar. The common element in all the units below is that they are, or were originally, 100 of some smaller unit of mass.  Sometimes spelled kintal or kintall.

1

Various units of mass. Some 20th century values, primarily in South America:

Angola

United Nations 1966.

= 100 kilograms. This is a survival of the quintal metrique.
Argentina 100 libras (about 101.27 lbs av.)
Belize A map showing the location of Belize., Dominican Republic, 20th century = 100 pounds, approximately 45.36 kilograms.
Bolivia

Technical Factors..., 1972, page 103.

100 libras, = 46.00 kilograms.
Brazil A map showing the location of Brazil. Prior to June 1931 the quintal was spelled kintal.
Chile A map showing the location of Chile.

Technical Factors..., 1972, page 120.

= 4 arrobas = 100 libras (Castilian), about 46 kilograms (approximately 101.4 pounds av.)
Costa Rica

[Costa Rica. Ministerio de formento.]
Medidas y pesas del sistema métrico, y tablas de equivalencia con las antiguas.
San José de Costa Rica: Imprenta nacional, 1885.

Technical Factors..., 1972, page 137.

= 4 arrobas = 100 libras = 46.006272 kilograms. Modern sources simply give 46.00 kg.
Colombia

Technical Factors..., 1972, page 132; UN, 1966.

= 4 arrobas = 50 kilograms*, (approximately 110.231 pounds). Used for grain.
Cuba

Technical Factors..., 1972, page 140.

= 4 arrobas = 100 libras = 46.00 kilograms
Czechoslovakia

Technical Factors..., 1972, page 143; UN, 1966.

= 50 kilograms*, (approximately 110.231 pounds). Used for hops.
Ecuador

Technical Factors..., 1972, page 150.

= 4 arrobas = 100 libras = 46 kilograms (approximately 101.4 pounds av.) chart symbol Also called a media.
El Salvador 

(per Statesman's Yearbook 93-94, contrary to UN 1966).

= 100 libras = 46 kilograms (approximately 101.4 pounds av.)
Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua,
Peru, Spain, and Venezuela A map showing the location of Venezuela., 20th century,

Technical Factors..., 1972, page 150.

= 100 libras (Castilian), about 46 kilograms (approximately 101.4 pounds av.)
Mexico 46.04 kilograms (approximately 101.5 pounds av)
Paraguay

United Nations 1966.

45.9 kilograms (approximately 101.2 pounds) 
Portugal (plural, quintaes) 58.752 kilograms (about 129.5 pounds av).
United States, 1866 – 1982.

Legalized in this sense by the Act of July 28, 1866, and declared invalid in Federal Register Feb 26, 1982, 47 FR 8399-8400.

= 100 kilograms. This is a survival of the quintal metrique.

In many of the above countries the quintal = 4 arroba = 120th tonelada.

*The 50-kilogram value arises from earlier units of mass (the libra and pfund (560 g), respectively, for Colombia and Czechoslovakia) which were approximately half a kilogram; thus a hundred of these units became metrified as 50 kilograms.

2

In pre-revolutionary France, = 100 livre, approximately 107.7 pounds av. in Paris.

4

In the old metric system, 100 kilograms.

5

In British colonies in North America, at least as early as 18th – 19th century, the quintal used for fish was a unit of mass, 112 pounds (the British hundredweight).

Waterston page 169.
Lederer page 189.

6

In Bolivia, ? – 20th century, various units of capacity:

Department Town Volume
in liters
Commodity
Chuquisaca Azurduy 60  
Camargo 54  
Tarabuco 34  
La Paz Apolo 60  
Luribay 48  
Quime 48  
Potosi Betanzos, Cotagaita, Tupiza, Uncía 54  
Pulaxi 47.52  
Puna 49  
Tarapaya 48.84  
Villcaya 46  
Oruro Challapata, Oruro, Poopó 48  
Huanuni 30 pisco
Tarija Tarija 54  

[Bolivia] Ministerio de Agricultura, Ganaderia y Colonizacion. Dirección General de Economia Rural.
Resumen General de Medidas típicas de la República de Bolivia.
Corrected and revised by the Departamento de Muestreos y Padrones.
[La Paz]: Departamento de Muestreos y Padrones, 1956.

Page 10, 13, 28, 34 and 41. (Page numbering is not continuous.)

7

In Bolivia, ? – 20th century, various units of mass:

Department Town Mass
in kilograms
Commodity
La Paz Coroico 55.22 coca
Potosi San Pedro 60.10 grain
Vila Betanzos 50.06 flour, muko (salivated flour used
 to make a type of chicha)
Oruro Huanuni 48.30 chuño (freeze-dried potatoes)
57.50 oca

[Bolivia] Ministerio de Agricultura, Ganaderia y Colonizacion. Dirección General de Economia Rural.
Resumen General de Medidas típicas de la República de Bolivia.
Corrected and revised by the Departamento de Muestreos y Padrones.
[La Paz]: Departamento de Muestreos y Padrones, 1956.

Pages 16, 31 and 35. (Page numbering is not continuous.)

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