# Maltaunits of liquid capacity

## For oil and milk

 kwarta kartoċċ 4 nofs 2 8 terz 2 4 16 2¼imperial gills 1 1/8imperial pint 1 1/8imperial quart 1 1/8imperial gallon 0.320 L 639.3 L 1.278 L 5.114 L

A British publication of 1843, compiled from official Colonial Office records, uses the earlier Italian names instead of Maltese, but provides smaller units. It also states: “A capso [caffiso] is equal to about 4.38 imperial gallons”, from which estimate all the equivalents below have been calculated.

 barrile caffiso 2 half caffiso 2 4 quarta 2 4 8 quarturiso 4 8 16 32 mezza 2 8 16 32 64 terzo 2 4 16 32 64 128 misura 2½ 5 10 40 80 160 320 quartini 4 10 20 40 160 320 640 1280 0.055imp pt 0.22imp pt 0.55imp pt 1.10imp pt 1.10imp qt 1.10imp. gal 2.19imp. gal 4.38imp. gal 8.76imp gal 31mL 124mL 311mL 622mL 1.24L 4.98L 9.96L 19.91L 39.82mL

Robert Montgomery Martin.
History of the Colonies of the British Empire in the West Indies, South America, North America, Asia...
London: W. H. Allen & Co. and George Routledge, 1843.

Page 587. There is a typesetting error in the number of half caffisos in a barrile; “7” was set for “4”.

## For beer, wine and spirits

 barmil garra 4 kwarta 2 8 kartoċċ 4.75 9.5 38 nofs 2 9.5 19 76 terz 2 4 19 38 152 pinta 2 4 8 38 76 304 1gill 2gills 1imp pint 1imp qt 4¾imp qts 2 3/8imp gal 9½imp gallons 142.1 mL 284.1 mL 568.3 mL 1.1365 L 5.398 L 10.797 L 43.188 L

As can be seen in the British equivalents, these capacities have been heavily influenced by the British.

### Pre-British liquid measures

Martin, cited above, also described the earlier system “for all liquors; oil, milk and honey excepted… The barrile is about equal to 9.37 imperial gallons.” Unfortunately the chart published in History of the Colonies suffers from a serious typesetting error: the quartara was omitted, throwing everything off. In Martin's The British Colonial Library, published a year later, the chart does not have that problem. It is shown below with equivalents calculated from 1 barrile ≈ 9.37 imp. gallons.

Doursther (1840) says, page 431, "Malthe. La pipe vin = 11 barils...458 litres", and there are other questions, such as whether the Maltese botte was really 2 or 3 pipa.

 botte pipa 2 barrile 11 22 quartara 2 22 44 mezza quartara 2 4 44 88 quartino 9½ 19 38 418 836 mezzo 2 19 38 76 836 1672 terzo 2 4 38 76 152 1672 3344 pinta 2 4 8 78 152 304 3344 6688 mezza pinta 2 4 8 16 152 304 608 6688 13376 70mL 140mL 280mL 560mL 1.12L 5.32L 10.65L 42.60L 468.6L 937.1L

Robert Montgomery Martin.
The British Colonial Library, comprising... vol 7.
London: Henry G. Bohn, 1844.
which reprints
History of the British Possessions in the Mediterranean: comprising Gibraltar, Malta, Gozo, and the Ionian Islands.
London: Whittaker & Co., 1837.

Page 286.