Ancient Greece

units of length

 

stadion

 

plethron

6

akaina or kalamos

10

60

 

orguia

1 2/3

16 2/3

100

bema diplun

1 1/5

2

20

120

bema haplun

2

2 2/5

4

40

240

 

pechus

1 2/3

3 1/3

4

6 2/3

66 2/3

400

 

pygon

6/5

2

4

4 4/5

8

 80

480

 

pygme

10/9

1 1/3

2 2/9

4 4/9

5 1/3

8 8/9

88 8/9

533 1/3

 

pous

9/8

5

6

10

100

600

 

spithame

4/3

1 2/3

2

3 1/3

6 2/3

8

13 1/3

133 1/3

 800

 

lichas

6/5

8/5

9/5

2

2 2/5

4

8

9 3/5

16

160

960

dichas or hemipodion

5/4

2

3

5

10

12

20

200

1200

doron or palaiste

2

3

4

5

6

10

20

24

40

400

2400

 

kondylos

2

4

5

6

8

9

10

12

20

40

48

80

800

4800

 

daktylos

2

4

8

10

12

16

18

20

24

40

80

96

160

1600

9600

Attic

1.8
cm

4.0
cm

7.4
cm

14.8
cm

18.5
cm

22.2
cm

29.57
cm

33.3
cm

37.0
cm

44.4
cm

74.0
cm

1.48
m

1.77
m

2.96
m

29.57
m

177.4
m

Olympic

2.0
cm

4.0
cm

8.0
cm

16.0
cm

20.0
cm

24.0
cm

32.00
cm

36.0
cm

40.0
cm

 48.0
cm

80.0
cm

1.60
m

1.92
m

3.20
m

32.00
m

192.0
m

Pergamene

2.1
cm

4.1
cm

8.3
cm

16.5
cm

20.6
cm

24.7
cm

33.00
cm

37.1
cm

41.3
cm

49.5
cm

82.5
cm

1.65
m

1.98
m

3.30
m

33.00
m

198.0
m

Aeginetan

2.1
cm

4.2
cm

8.3
cm

16.7
cm

20.8
cm

25.0
cm

33.30
cm

37.5
cm

41.6
cm

50.0
cm

83.3
cm

1.67
m

2.00
m

3.33
m

33.30
m

199.8
m

All of the values given are approximations. Two exceptional units are not included in the chart:

Sources

Thus the pyramids are 100 orguia high, and 100 orguia equal 1 stadion or 600 pous; the orguia measuring 6 pous or 4 pechus; the pous, 4 palaiste; and the pechus, 6 palaiste. [names of units given in singular]

Herodotus. History, Book II, 149.

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