alqueire [Portuguese]

Contents

1. Cape Verde, dry capacity

2. Portugal and Brazil, dry capacity

3. Portugal and Brazil, liquid capacity

4. Portugal, land area

5. Brazil, land area 

1

In the Cape Verde Islands, ? – 20th century, a unit of dry capacity, = 4 quarta = 1/3 barrica, approximately 41.593 liters (approximately 37.77 U.S. dry quarts).

United Nations, 1966.

2

In Portugal and Brazil A map showing the location of Brazil., at least as early as the 12th century – 19th century, a unit of dry capacity, = ¼ fanega = 1/60 moiochart showing relationships between Portuguese units of dry capacity Also spelled alquier, alquiere, alqueira. In the late 19th century 100 alqueires of Lisbon = 79¼ alqueires of Oporto.1

Locale Equivalents Liters
Lisbon = ¼ fanega = 2 meios = 4 quartos = 8 outavas = 16 meias-outavas 13.841;
some say 13.52
Oporto = ¼ fanega = 2 meios = 4 quartos 17.465
Madeira = ¼ fanega = 2 meios = 4 quartos 14.095
Azores = ¼ fanega = 2 meios = 4 quartos. But on San Miguel, the alquiere was about 12.14 liters. 11.98
Faro = ¼ fanega = 2 meios = 4 quartos 16.52
Figuiera   14.31
Rio de Janeiro = ¼ fanega = 2 meios = 4 quartos = 8 outavas = 16 selamines 40; some say 1 imperial bushel,about 36.37 L
Bahia = 2¼ alqueires of Lisbon 31.142;
some say 30.42
Maranhao, Brazil   45.43
Viana do Castelo   17.07

1. Nelkenbrecher, page 545.
2. Klimpert, page 9.
3. Doursther, page 14.

Sources

Alghieri dua di Lisbona fanno in Firenze staia uno scarso.

Two alqueire of Lisbon make 1 stricken staia in Florence.

Chiarini, 1481.

Resources

Luís Seabra Lopes.
Medidas Portuguesas de Capacidade: Origem e Difusão dos Principais Alqueires usados até ao Século XIX.
Revista Portuguesa de História, volume 36, pages 345 – 360. (2002-2003, vol 2).

Luís Seabra Lopes.
Medidas portuguesas de capacidade: Do alqueire de Coimbra de 1111 ao sistema de medidas de Dom Manuel.
Revista Portuguesa de História, volume 32, pages 543 – 583. (1997-1998).

3

In Portugal and Brazil, a unit of liquid capacity, less common than the unit of dry capacity. Apparently used as a synonym for the pote and cantaro.

Locale Local Names and Equivalents Liters
Lisbon also called a pote, = ½ almud = 6 canadas = 12 meis-canadas = 24 quartilhos = 48 meios-quartilhos. 8.2718
Oporto = ½ almud = 6 canadas 12.54
Rio de Janeiro also called a cantaro or pote, = 6 canadas = 23 quartilhos 8.27

Doursther (1840), page 14.
Statesman's Yearbook, 1866, page 540.

4

In Portugal, ? – present, a unit of land area in rural areas, varying locally. In at least one district, reported at 1420 square meters. See the "about" entry for this page.

5

In Brazil, ? – present, a unit of land area now chiefly used in rural areas, varying locally.

Unit   Locale Square Meters
Alqueire paulista 100 braças × 50 braças

Essa medida ainda tem grande uso no interior do Estado de São Paulo, bem como no Paraná, em Santa Catarina, na parte setentrional do Rio Grande do Sul e na região meridional de Mato Grosso.1

The measure still has great use in the State of Sao Paulo and in Parana, in Santa Catarina, in the northern part of Rio Grande do Sul and southern region of Mato Grosso.

24,200
Alqueire mineiro 100 braça × 100 braça

Essa medida é usada não só no Estado de Minas Gerais, mas também nos Estadoes do Espírito Santo, Rio de Janeiro e Goiaz. Nos Estados do Maranhão e Piauí, também é usada a denomínacão de quadra para a superfície de 48 400 metros quadrados.1

This measure is used not only in the State of Minas Gerais, but also in the states of Espírito Santo, Rio de Janeiro and Goias. In the states of Maranhao and Piaui, they use a unit called a quadra with an area of 48,400 square meters.

Other sources add Tocantins.

48,400
Alqueire baiano   Bahia 96,800
Alqueire do Norte   Northern states 27,225

1. Brasil. Ministério das Relações Exteriores.
Brasil. 1943-1944. Recursos Possibilidades.
Rio de Janeiro: Ministério das Relações Exteriores, 1944.
Page 162.

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